It is women’s history month. In celebration the University recently held a lunch event entitled, Parenthood and Paycheck Inequality: How Social Policies and Cultural Values Matter. The speaker, Michelle Budig, PhD, showed how having a child negatively impacted the career and earnings of women, while often giving a boost to men (although not always). The motherhood “penalty” became even more pronounced when things like income, education level, marital status, etc. were taken into consideration. Different countries have wildly different policies and social norms surrounding maternal/paternal benefits. These differences were explored and shown to have dramatic effects on the amount of penalties or bonuses experienced by new parents.